Dış Gebelik (Ektopik Gebelik)

Ectopic Pregnancy (Ectopic Pregnancy)

An ectopic pregnancy is a deviation from the normal course of pregnancy in which the fertilized egg grows outside the uterus, usually in the fallopian tubes or, rarely, elsewhere. This occurs when the fertilized egg does not implant in the uterus and does not develop normally.

Causes of Ectopic Pregnancy:

Ectopic pregnancy is most commonly known as tubal pregnancy. This type of ectopic pregnancy occurs when the tubes are damaged or blocked when the fertilized egg tries to implant in the fallopian tubes. Hormonal imbalances or abnormal egg development can also increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy.

Other factors that increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy may be:

Having had an ectopic pregnancy before.
Sexually transmitted infections, especially infections such as chlamydia or gonorrhea, can spread inflammation to the fallopian tubes and surrounding tissues.
Having undergone IVF or other fertility treatments.
Having infertility problems.
Have had an operation called tubal surgery, because this surgery can affect the structure of the tubes.
Using an intrauterine device (IUD) because it can increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy if it is in the wrong place.
Using a permanent form of birth control called tubal ligation.
Smoking, especially before getting pregnant, can increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy.

Complications that can occur with ectopic pregnancy:

Ectopic pregnancy can cause the fallopian tube to rupture. If left untreated, this can lead to internal bleeding and can be life-threatening. Symptoms can include severe abdominal pain, vaginal bleeding, dizziness and fainting.

How to prevent ectopic pregnancy:

Ectopic pregnancy is not completely preventable, but some steps can be taken to reduce the risk. These include limiting the number of sexual partners, using condoms during sex (which helps prevent sexually transmitted infections), and if you smoke, quitting before you become pregnant.

Symptoms and Types of Ectopic Pregnancy:

Symptoms of ectopic pregnancy can be vague at first. Some women may experience normal pregnancy symptoms, such as menstrual periods. However, as ectopic pregnancy progresses, the symptoms become more pronounced. These symptoms may include mild vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, shoulder pain, frequent urge to use the toilet, weight loss, dizziness and fainting.

Most cases of ectopic pregnancy occur in the fallopian tubes, but in rare cases ectopic pregnancy can occur in other parts of the body, such as the ovary, abdominal cavity or cervix.

If an ectopic pregnancy is suspected, the doctor will diagnose the condition using diagnostic methods such as blood tests and transvaginal ultrasound.

Ectopic pregnancy is a serious medical condition that can deviate from the normal course of pregnancy and may require prompt medical attention. For this reason, individuals who show any signs of ectopic pregnancy should consult an Obstetrician and Gynecologist immediately.

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