Andropause refers to a combination of physical and emotional symptoms that men usually experience in their late 40s to early 50s. This period is sometimes referred to as “male menopause”, but there are some important differences with women’s menopause. Andropause is not a condition that every man experiences and, unlike menopause, it does not lead to a complete cessation of reproductive function.

The main cause of andropause is a decrease in testosterone production with age. Testosterone is a hormone produced in men and has many functions beyond supporting the sex drive. This decline is often associated with a condition called hypogonadism.

In addition to hormonal changes, andropause symptoms can also be caused by lifestyle factors, psychological conditions and certain diseases. However, lifestyle factors and psychological problems are responsible for a large proportion of andropause symptoms.

Symptoms of andropause can include depression, low energy, erectile dysfunction, breast enlargement, muscle loss, decreased bone density, loss of self-confidence, low libido, sleep problems and increased body fat.

Treatment of andropause usually starts with lifestyle changes. Healthy eating, regular exercise, stress avoidance and good sleeping habits are important in this process. Doctors may also consider hormonal therapy or medication, but this decision depends on the individual’s condition and the severity of their symptoms.

Andropause is a condition that men can face as they get older, and its symptoms can vary depending on a variety of factors. Healthy lifestyle choices and medical help when needed can help manage andropause.