Ankilozan Spondilit (Kamburluk)

Ankylosing Spondylitis (Humpback)

Ankylosing Spondylitis is an inflammatory disease that can cause the small bones in the spine to fuse together over time. This can cause the spine to lose its flexibility, affecting an individual’s normal posture. Ankylosing spondylitis usually shows symptoms in early adulthood and is more common in men. In addition to the spine, it can also affect other parts of the body, such as the eyes. However, while there is no definitive and permanent cure, there are several treatment options to control symptoms and slow progression.

Although the exact cause of ankylosing spondylitis is unknown, genetic factors are thought to play a role. The risk of the disease is increased especially in individuals carrying the HLA-B27 gene. However, environmental factors are also thought to play a role. Symptoms of the disease are caused by fusion of the spine and inflammation. As a result, the spine may lose its flexibility and it may become difficult for patients to breathe.

Potential complications of ankylosing spondylitis include restricted movement due to fusion of the spine and stiffness of the rib cage. Eye problems such as inflammation of the eye (uveitis) can also occur. In advanced cases, spinal fractures and aortic problems can also develop.

Symptoms include pain and stiffness around the lower back and hips in the morning, neck pain and fatigue. Diagnosis is based on physical examination, X-rays and magnetic resonance imaging. Treatment may include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, painkillers and biologic drugs. Physical therapy and exercises also play an important role.

It is also important for people with ankylosing spondylitis to make lifestyle changes. Regular exercise, maintaining the correct posture, and applying hot and cold compresses can help patients find relief. Smoking should be avoided because it can worsen the symptoms of this disease.

Ankylosing spondylitis is a disease that affects the spine and symptoms can worsen over time. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can help control symptoms and improve quality of life. In addition to treatment, lifestyle changes and regular doctor check-ups can help patients live a better life.



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