Anksiyete

Anxiety

Anxiety is called an anxiety disorder, also known as a psychological disorder. It is normal to feel anxious from time to time in our daily lives, as we may worry about situations we encounter or worry about the future. However, when these worries become excessive and persistent, they can be considered a medical problem.

People with anxiety disorder may experience intense and persistent worry and a feeling of extreme fear of situations that are common in everyday life. Sometimes panic attacks can also occur, which can interfere with normal activities. Anxiety is difficult to control and manage, and the perception of time can often be affected. It can begin in childhood or adolescence and continue into adulthood, but generally tends to decrease with age.

Anxiety disorders come in different types, including subcategories such as social anxiety disorder, separation anxiety, specific phobias, generalized anxiety. A person can therefore be affected by more than one anxiety disorder and sometimes medical treatment may be required.

Anxiety actually functions as a response by the brain to be alerted to potential future dangers. However, in people with anxiety disorders, this function can become excessive and interfere with daily life.

Approximately 18% of the population suffers from anxiety disorders and the severity of this disorder can vary. It is more common in women than in men. In addition, negative experiences, traumas and unhappiness in childhood can increase the risk of anxiety. A family or relative history of anxiety is also a risk factor, as genetic factors may play a role in the development of this disorder.

Symptoms of anxiety can include tension, restlessness, panic, shortness of breath, heart palpitations, sweating, trembling, difficulty concentrating, and trouble sleeping.

To make a diagnosis, the doctor may perform a physical examination and take a medical history. Some laboratory tests cannot diagnose anxiety, but can be used to assess your state of health. An assessment by a psychiatrist or psychologist may be carried out and factors such as how long the symptoms have been present and their intensity will be assessed.

Psychotherapy (therapy) and medication are the most commonly used methods to treat anxiety. Psychotherapy can help to manage and understand anxiety symptoms, while medication can help to relieve symptoms. Which treatment method is more effective may vary from individual to individual.

Anxiety can be a condition that can negatively affect quality of life. With treatment and support, it may be possible to manage symptoms and help the person to better manage their daily life.